Projects > Spruce Creek Watershed Improvement
Project, Phase 1
by the Town of Kittery (in close partnership with the Town of Eliot, the
Spruce Creek Association, and the York County Soil and Water Conservation
District), this project will be funded under the 319 Stormwater program
of the Maine Department of Environmental Protection (using EPA funds).
The project timelines is from May 2008 and through March 2010, working
to reduce bacteria loading and the export of sediment and nutrients into
Spruce Creek by addressing a full suite of polluted runoff problems. For
up-to-date information on the project, please see www.protectkitterywaters.org.
The primary purpose of this project is to significantly reduce
bacteria loading and the export of sediment and nutrients into Spruce
Creek by addressing a full suite of polluted runoff problems. The secondary
purpose is to continue to raise community awareness in this watershed,
with the long-term goal of improving and protecting the water quality
of Spruce Creek and the Piscataqua River Estuary. This project will also
serve to continue to build relationships with residents, town officials,
and project partners to prepare for the Spruce Creek Watershed Improvement
Project Phase II, which will address larger, more complex stormwater issues
in the watershed and will be combined with funding from other sources
including the Town of Kittery, Maine Department of Transportation (Maine
DOT) Surface Water Quality Protection Program, and Maine DEP Community
Grants septic program.
Total Cost, Federal & Non-Federal Sources
The eight tasks included in this plan represent a broad collaborative
effort between local, state and federal government, the Spruce Creek watershed
communities, the private sector and a local citizen-based watershed group,
the Spruce Creek Association. This two-year initiative to reduce bacteria,
nutrients, toxic chemicals, sediments and habitat alterations will improve
the health of the Spruce Creek watershed. These pollutants are the primary
sources of impairments identified by federal, state and local assessments
and pose the greatest threat human and ecological health. Section 319
funding will enable this project’s partners to implement an innovative
stormwater retrofit and low impact development (LID) implementation program
addressing at least four sites, initiate a maintenance and repair program
for septic systems, develop a cost-sharing residential and business conservation
practices program targeting several hundred individuals and businesses,
provide technical assistance for erosion control and culvert replacement
for at least eight stream crossings, and conduct innovative public outreach
campaigns to reach residents and many of the more than three million annual
visitors to the watershed. The collective benefit of the projects will
be measured improvements in calculated units of pollutant reduction and
infiltration associated with specific techniques; the reopening of shellfish
harvesting areas in the watershed, and the education of and outreach to
Spruce Creek’s residents and visitors.
Creek Watershed Improvement Project, Phase I will be guided by a project
steering committee including the Town of Kittery (including municipal
staff, Shellfish Commission, and Conservation Commission), Town of Eliot,
Spruce Creek Association (SCA), York County Soil and Water Conservation
District (YCSWCD), local business owners, and Maine DEP. Through this
project, staff and volunteers will coordinate and install conservation
practices that reduce polluted runoff at 22 high and medium priority sites
and will provide on-site technical assistance to town public works staff
as well as landowners in the watershed.
will develop an initial fact sheet for watershed residents that will highlight
planned activities over the span of the project and provide information
on low-impact lawn care and landscaping. Project Spruce Creek Watershed
Improvement Project, Phase I Proposal Page 3 activities, including before
and after digital photos of all completed sites, will be showcased in
presentations to the Town Council of Kittery and Board of Selectmen of
Eliot, and at a community workshop which will build upon the recent successful
community input efforts of several watershed partners in the formation
of a watershed based plan for Spruce Creek. All information pertinent
to the project will be prominently displayed on the Town of Kittery and
Spruce Creek Association websites.
The project will be broken down into the following main tasks:
- Low Impact
Development and Stormwater Best Management Practices
System Maintenance and Repair
and Business Conservation Practices
Crossing Erosion Control and Culvert Replacement
Interagency Coordination, Roles & Responsibilities
The Maine Department of Environmental Protection will administer project
funding, serve as the project advisor, participate on the steering committee
and assist with local education/outreach efforts.
- The US
Environmental Protection Agency will provide project funding and guidance.
- The Town
of Kittery will serve as the project sponsor and be responsible for
the coordination and implementation of all project activities.
- The Spruce
Creek Association will provide in-kind match and serve on the steering
committee, update and expand the current list of watershed residents,
recruit volunteer assistance for NPS mitigation sites, coordinate the
community participation, and assist in designing the outreach materials
- The Wells
National Estuarine Research Reserve will participate on the project
steering committee and provide input on project tasks.
- The York
County Soil and Water Conservation District will provide project support,
paid technical assistance, engineering assistance, serve on the steering
committee and will assist with all project tasks.
from the Town of Eliot will serve on the steering committee and provide
project updates to Town’s Select Board, Planning Board and Conservation
- The University
of New Hampshire Stormwater Center will provide technical assistance
on effective stormwater BMPs for treatment and removal of bacteria,
heavy metals, and nutrients.
1. At least twenty-two NPS sites treated with BMPs.
2. At least 500 watershed citizens and visitors directly educated
3. At least twenty-two NPS issues addressed at end of project
4. NPS Pollutant loading (bacteria, heavy metals, nutrients, sediment)
1. Pollutants controlled: Estimated tons of sediment kept out
of Spruce Creek by addressing high and medium impact sites. Estimated
bacteria loading reduction through stormwater controls and septic replacement.
Quality Improvement: Improvement in river water quality is a long-term
measure of environmental results of NPS abatement in the watershed. The
final project report will include a summary of the current status of water
quality as reported by the quality-assured efforts of the volunteer Spruce
Jonathan Carter, Town Manager
Town of Kittery
200 Rogers Road Ext.
Kittery, ME 03904
Phone: 207-439-0452, Fax: (207) 439-6806